A spell is a spoken or written formula which, in the act of magic or divination, is intended to create or change a particular course of events.
The belief in spells and their employment dates back to antiquity. Spells have become an integral part of various religious and magical practices.
Their methods vary accordingly from culture to culture, but all spells function on ritual activity.
Spells are cast to meet the needs of an individual or a group of people. They can be can by an individual or a group, such as a solitary witch or witches in a coven.
A spell could consist of a set of words, a formula or verse, or a ritual action, or any combination of these.
Spells traditionally were cast by many methods, such as by the inscription of runes or sigils on an object to give it magical powers; by the immolation or binding of a wax or clay image (poppet) of a person to affect him or her magically; by the recitation of incantations; by the performance of physical rituals; by the employment of magical herbs as amulets or potions; by gazing at mirrors, swords or other specula (scrying) for purposes of divination; and by many other means.
It is thought that the success of the spell rests on the power and will raised and the skill with which they are focused and projected. All of these powers go into spell casting.
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Practices of witches